HISTORY: Review of the rationale for existence
As a predominantly agricultural country, the Philippines have to provide an enabling environment to modernize its agriculture sector that will increase productivity amidst the growing needs of the global market for safe and quality products. The ultimate goal is to uplift the living conditions of the farmers and fisher folks. The Bureau of Agriculture and Fisheries (BAFS) of the Department of Agriculture actively contributes towards the attainment of this goal through the fulfillment of its mandated functions in standard development and its initiatives towards the adoption and regulation of standards that will promote quality and safety of Philippine agriculture and fishery products.
The Standard-Setting Agency for Agriculture and Fishery Products
The Bureau of Agriculture and Fisheries Standards (BAFS) dates back its history on the enactment of Republic Act No. 8435 otherwise known as the Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act (AFMA) of 1997. Under this law, the State recognized the roles and benefits of product standardization and consumer safety for the modernization of Philippine agriculture sector. With a mission to develop standards that are science-based, globally harmonized, and consistent with international commitments, the Bureau of Agriculture and Fisheries Product Standards (BAFPS) was formally established on December 4, 1998 through Administrative Order No. 7 Series of 1998.
The establishment of BAFPS was in consonance with the State Declaration that “all sectors involved in the production, processing, distribution and marketing of food and non-food agricultural and fisheries products shall adhere to and implement the use of product standards in order to ensure consumer safety and promote the competitiveness of agriculture and fisheries products.”
The existence of the BAFPS stem from the need for an effective implementation and enforcement of the agriculture and fisheries product standards through better coordination and strengthening of existing standards formulation and implementation in several government agencies.
Administrative Order No. 17 series of 1998 enumerates BAFPS’ powers and functions as defined in Section 63 of RA 8435 which goes to:
1. Formulate and enforce standards of quality in the processing, preservation, packaging, labeling,
importation, exportation, distribution, and advertising of agriculture, livestock, fisheries and
2. Conduct research on product standardization, and alignment of the local standards with the international standards; and,
3. Conduct regular inspection of processing plants, storage facilities, abattoirs, as well as public and private markets in order to ensure freshness, safety and quality of products.
Given these functions, the BAFPS envisions to be the standard-setting agency that will ensure the safety, quality, and global competitiveness of Philippine agriculture and fishery products. Empowered by strong advocacies and involvement in strengthening Philippine quality assurance systems, BAFS successfully embarked on programs like Good Agricultural Practices (GAP), Global GAP, Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP) and organic agriculture certification scheme.
BAFPS as one of the key players in the Organic Agriculture Industry
In 2010, Republic Act No. 10068 otherwise known as the Organic Agriculture Act of 2010 declares it a policy of the state “to promote, propagate, develop further and implement the practice of organic agriculture in the Philippines.”
With this law, the BAFPS has been mandated with both standard development, regulatory, technical, and administrative functions for organic agriculture. As basis for organic agriculture, the BAFPS was mandated to formulate and/or update organic agriculture standards to cover crops, livestock and aquaculture, organic production, processing and labeling, taking into account participatory approaches, with emphasis on transparency and accountability. Likewise, it mandates for BAFPS to implement organic agriculture programs and projects approved by the NOAB for the development and promotion of organic agriculture, provide status updates of these programs, projects and activities being undertaken, and create an effective networking with the various stakeholders involved in organic production.
As a regulatory body for organic agriculture, the BAFPS was given the authority to grant official accreditation to organic certifying bodies. These certifying bodies are delegated with the functions to conduct inspection and certification to producers and manufacturers of organic produce and products. Furthermore, requires for the registration of organic food and organic input producers and/or establishments with the BAFPS Director through electronic portal. The registration process existing with other government agencies such as the Fertilizer and Pesticide Authority (FPA), the National Seed Certification Board (NSCB), the Bureau of Plant Industry (BPI), the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI) and the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) will cease as soon as the licenses they have issued expires. Succeeding registration (new or renewal) shall be done with the BAFPS.
Under this law, the BAFPS has been mandated with standard development and regulatory functions for organic agriculture. Following the principles of participatory approach, transparency, and accountability, the BAFPS became the lead agency for the development of organic agriculture standards for crops, livestock and aquaculture, organic production, processing and labeling. Further, the BAFPS became the competent authority for the regulation of organic agriculture industry, such as the official accreditation of the organic certifying bodies and the registration of organic food producers and organic input establishments.
With the increased mandate of BAFPS, the Organic Agriculture Division was created to strengthen and empower the agency in fulfilling its regulatory functions for organic agriculture. To date, the BAFPS have accredited two (2) organic certifying bodies that are delegated with the function of ensuring the integrity of organic agriculture and fishery products. From the certified organic producers, the BAFPS has facilitated the registration of 42 organic producers and input establishments.
BAFS with more than just product standards
In 2013, two more enabling laws were approved adding mandates to the BAFPS: 1.) Republic Act No. 10601 otherwise known as the Agriculture and Fisheries Mechanization Law (AFMech); and 2) Republic Act No. 10611 or the Food Safety Act of 2013.
The AFMech Law mandated BAFPS to develop standard specifications and test procedures for agriculture and fishery machinery and equipment in coordination with accredited testing centers (e.g. Agricultural Machine Testing and Evaluation Center (AMTEC), other government and private entities (e.g. DTI, DOST, Board of Agricultural Engineering (BoAE) – PRC), in conformity with ISO and part of the Philippine Agricultural Engineering Standards (PAES).
Through the AFMech Law, the BAFPS was renamed to the Bureau of Agriculture and Fisheries Standards (BAFS) to accommodate the wider scope of agri-related standards the agency is mandated to develop, such as machineries, tools, and equipment.
It was also the AFMech Law which renamed the BAFPS to BAFS, dropping out the “P for Product” to accommodate machineries, tools and equipment which cannot be categorized as agri-fishery ‘products.’
Just after the passage of AFMech Law, the Food Safety Act was enacted and mandated the BAFS to develop, adopt, amend, and revise mandatory, science-based food safety standards and codes of practices and to establish the mechanism and use the services of qualified DA pool of scientific experts. An online system for DAPE has been developed by BAFS to cater to this task, wherein qualified experts can register online according to their respective field of expertise.
In 2016, the Republic Act No, 10817 otherwise known as the Philippine Halal Export Development and Promotion Act of 2016 was enacted and mandated the BAFS to develop the Philippine National Standards for Halal covering primary and post-harvest foods. With this mandate, the BAFS was able to facilitate the development of Halal standards for agri-fishery products, feeds, and codes of practices for slaughtering ruminants and poultry.
The BAFS through the years…
After two decades, the BAFS has developed a total of 240 standards and codes of practices - 187 for fresh & primary products, 9 for Good Agricultural Practices (GAP), 7 for Good Animal Husbandry Practices (GAHP), 7 for Organic Agriculture, 26 for Agricultural and Fisheries Machinery & Structures, and 4 for Halal. The BAFS also initiated the development of explanatory brochures in order to promote the adoption of standards and to harmonize the understanding and interpretation of stakeholders.
With a more ardent desire to facilitate international as well as national trade, encourage high-quality production, improve profitability and protect consumer interests, BAFS aims to be the national repository of Philippine National Standards and the prime-mover of quality assurance systems on food safety.